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Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
(1881 - 1973)

Regarding the canon of art history, no other artist has exerted such influence as Pablo Picasso.

Frequently dubbed the "dean of modernism," the Spanish artist was revolutionary in the way he challenged the conventions of painting. His stylistic pluralism, legendary reconfiguration of pictorial space and inexhaustible creative force have made Picasso one of the most revered artists of the 20th century.

Influenced by symbolism and Toulouse-Lautrec, Picasso developed his own independent style in Paris during his renowned Blue Period (1900-1904): motifs from everyday life...

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Papiers Collés 1910 - 1914  |  Picasso  

 

 

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Picasso - Violon et Bouteille

Violon et Bouteille

 

Picasso - Qui - Bouteille Table et Verres

Qui - Bouteille Table et Verres

 

Picasso - Bouteille de Rhum Paillee, Verre et "Le Journal"

Bouteille de Rhum Paillee, Verre et "Le Journal"

 

Picasso - Bouteille de Vieux Marc, Verre et "Le Journal"
Bouteille de Vieux Marc, Verre et "Le Journal"

Picasso - Tete d'homme au chapeau

Tete d'homme au chapeau

 

Picasso - Guitare

Guitare

 

Picasso - Tete d'homme

Tete d'homme

 

Pablo Picasso, through his Papiers Collés Collection, once again proved himself an innovative force in the world of modern art. Working outside of the classical traditions of his day, Picasso pushed boldly forward in giving credibility not only to the eye and hand, but to the mind of the artist as well.
Created between the years of 1910 and 1914, this collection embodies the emerging art form of the collage. Both Picasso and his contemporary, Braque, the two founders of cubism, explored the idea of collage and were among the first to introduce this new art form into the high art world. From the French word “coller,” which means to stick, a collage is a composition of bits of objects, such as newspaper or cloth, glued to a surface. Papier Collé refers specifically to paper collage. Picasso often utilized “cuttings from the newspaper, Le Journal, to introduce the possibility of allusion to everyday events in the very fabric of the work.” Picasso stated, “Not only did we try to displace reality, reality was no longer in the object… the papier collé …we didn’t any longer want to fool the eye, we wanted to fool the mind…If a piece of newspaper can be a bottle, that gives us something to think about in connection with both newspapers and bottles too.”
Papier Collé, like all forms of collage was modern in its medium and idea. Never before in the art world had mass-produced materials been “found in high art.” Picasso was able to transform his ideas “in the imagery and nature of these everyday materials.” Though many viewers believed this new form of art and cubism in general to be a political statement, as many of the artists acquainted with the movement allied themselves with various anarchist groups, Picasso never felt that cubism was ever anything less than equivalent with traditional painting. Picasso stated in an interview with art critic Marius de Zayas: “ We all know that Art is not truth. Art is a lie that makes us realize truth, at least the truth that is given to understand. The artist must know the manner whereby to convince others of the truthfulness of his lies…They speak of naturalism in opposition to modern painting. I would like to know if anyone has ever seen a natural work of art. Nature and art, being two different things cannot be the same thing. Through art we express our conception of what nature is not… Cubism is no different from any other school of painting. The same principles and the same elements are common to all… Many think that cubism is an art of transition, an experiment which is to bring ulterior results. Those who think that have not understood it. Cubism is not either a seed or a foetus, but an art dealing primarily with forms, and when a form is realized it is there to live its own life… Mathematics, trigonometry, chemistry, psychoanalysis, music, and whatnot, have been related to Cubism to give it an easier interpretation. All this has been pure literature, not to say nonsense…Cubism has kept itself within the limits and limitations of paintings, never pretending to go beyond it. Drawing, design, and color are understood and practiced in Cubism in the spirit and manner that they are understood and practiced in all other schools. Our subject might be different, as we have introduced into painting objects and forms that we formerly ignored…In our subjects we keep the joy of discovery, the pleasure of the unexpected.”
Picasso was among the first to utilize the materials found in his environment to illustrate what was formerly left to simply paint. “On October 9, 1912, Picasso wrote to fellow artist and friend Georges Braque, reporting, ‘I am using your last papery and powdery procedures. I am in the process of imaging a guitar and I am using a bit of dust against our horrible canvas.’ His words here announce a unique preoccupation with the guitar as a subject and mark the introduction of the unconventional use of techniques and materials into his artistic practices.” Picasso’s Papiers Collés collection marks the introduction of found objects into art, expanding the means through which artists expressed their ideas and challenged the minds of their viewers.

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